Now that a world free of nuclear weapons is one step closer, some may wonder why it has taken the world a while before it moved forward on a treaty to ban nuclear weapons. There are many different reasons, says UN Disarmament Affairs chief Izumi Nakamitsu. “For one, it is such a strategic weapon, so it is very difficult, [there are] many different perspectives and positions,” she explains in her interview with the UN Social Media Team.
The first legally-binding treaty prohibiting nuclear weapons opened for signature during the UN General Debate week at United Nations Headquarters, a treaty that complements and strengthens the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) and the treaties establishing nuclear-weapon-free zones.
To bring the treaty into force, 50 Member States have to officially sign and ratify it.
Responding to another question, one regarding the de-nuclearization of the Korean peninsula, Ms. Nakamitsu says it is a question that is being asked often and puts forward examples of how the United Nations has successfully dealt with one of the world’s most durable goals in the past.
See the full Facebook Live interview of with Under-Secretary-General Izumi Nakamitsu below.
Shaping the public image of the United Nations
Alison Smale, in charge of shaping the public image of the UN, says in her Facebook Live interview that she hopes communication is no longer at the bottom of the priorities. “If you are communication in today’s communicative world, then you are not taking part in this sort of ebb and flow that makes things go around.”
When the conversation moves towards the role of social media, she says it has an increasing influence. “It is the way young people come together. If we are not in the space where young people are meeting and discussing then we are not part of the most important conversation, because it is young people who will have to carry on the work of the United Nations that has been started by older people like me.”
Call for surge in diplomacy for peace
Michelle Bachelet, President of Chile, discusses various topics including her recent appointment to the UN’s High-Level Advisory Board on Mediation. As a mediator, she will work to advance Secretary-General António Guterres call for a “surge in diplomacy for peace”.
The board was recently established by the UN chief, who stressed the need for such preventive diplomacy. “We are a world in pieces. We need to be a world at peace,” said Mr. Guterres as he presented his annual Report on the work of the Organization.
When asked about the difficulties to promote dialogue, Ms. Bachelet says not to wait until the end, when things are too polarized, and many lives have been lost. “But on the other hand, when you have that [level of] drama, that crisis, you should think about the country, not about yourself, [and] that everyone feels represented, that the solution will include everyone’s concerns problems.”
A border controversy in South America
The United Nations has been assisting Guyana and Venezuela to resolve the long-standing border controversy, which Carl B. Greenidge, Second Vice-President and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Guyana, discusses in his Facebook Live interview with the UN Social Media Team.
Mr. Greenidge calls upon the Venezuelan government to respect the international treaties it signed and what the options are going forward to resolve this dispute.
See his full interview below.
Other Facebook Live interviews that took place in the UN Social Media Space that day:
- Michael Møller, Director-General of UN Geneva, discussing the Global Goals for Sustainable Development
- Alexander Zuev, UN Senior Official for Rule of Law
- Vuk Jeremić, former President of the UN General Assembly
- Michelle Bachelet, President of Chile (in Spanish)
- Imad Najib Fakhoury, Minister of Planning and International Cooperation of Jordan (in Arabic)
- Michael Møller, Director-General of UN Geneva (in French)
- Alison Smale, UN Global Communications chief (in Russian).
- Rashid Mohamed Mbaraka Fatma, Health Minister of Comoros (in Kiswahili)
- Njoki Kinyanjui, senior United Nations Peacekeeping gender adviser (in English and Kiswahili)
- UN Migration Agency – IOM’s Ashraf El Nour (in Arabic)
- Ana Helena Chacón, Vice President of Costa Rica (in Spanish)
- Artist Yann Toma (in French)